Friday, January 31, 2020
Pips distress at the end Essay Thus Pip pleads with Ms. Havisham explaining the reasons why he cannot play. He begs Ms. Havisham to empathize with him. We can already see the reasons of Pips distress. He has entered an unfamiliar and frightening environment against his will. He is afraid of Ms Havisham and although he is awestruck by Estellas beauty, he is to some extent afraid of her scorn and her arrogance. Ms Havisham then asks Pip to call Estella, when he tells her he cannot play. Ms. Havisham instructs Estella to play cards with him. Estella is reluctant to do so, she thinks of Pip as beneath her and refers to him as a common labouring boy. Estella mocks Pip for referring to the knaves as jacks. She also derides his coarse hands and thick boots. Pip respects Estella since he feels that she is a part of high society. Pip like most people is concerned with wealth and wants to become rich. Later in the story we can see his obsession with becoming a gentleman. However Pip feels that all members of the elite classes and the prosperous are meant to be idolized and their opinions or judgments valued. This causes him to agree with Estella. As Pip says- I had never thought of being ashamed of my hands before; but I began to consider them a very indifferent pair. Her contempt for me was so strong, that it became infectious and I caught it. Here Pip is humiliated and mocked by Estella. She makes him feel that he is coarse, common and unfit to be in a noble house. This further reduces Pips self-confidence. Ms. Havisham then asks Pip for his opinion of Estella, to which he replies that she is proud, pretty and insulting. He tells Ms. Havisham that he would like to go home. Ms. Havisham consents and tells Pip that he can have something to eat. She asks Pip when he will come again. He tells her that the present day is Wednesday. She interrupts him and tells him that she knows nothing of the days of the week and tells him to come again after six days. Here, too Ms. Havisham rebuffs Pip. She seems to suggest that knowledge of the days of a week is superfluous. Although her view is blatantly eccentric, Pip who regards the genteel as always right is more ashamed of himself and his commoness. Estella the leads Pip down to the courtyard. She rudely tells Pip to wait in the courtyard while she gets something for him. Pip says- She came back, with some bread and meat and a little mug of beer. She put the mug down on the stones on the stones of the yard, and gave me the bread and meat without looking at me, insolently as if I were a dog in disgrace. I was so humiliated, hurt, spurned, offended, angry, sorry- I cannot hit upon the right name for the smart- God knows what its name was- that tears started to my eyes. After Estella leaves Pip breaks down and weeps. He does so because he has been scorned, embarrassed and derided by the genteel, people who he now thinks of as admirable. Pips self-confidence has been destroyed. He feels that he is common and trivial. Pip realizes that someone he has admired all his life, is actually not respect-worthy. Show preview only The above preview is unformatted text This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Great Expectations section.
Thursday, January 23, 2020
Elton MayoÃ¢â¬â¢s Hawthorne Experiments Biography of Elton Mayo George Elton Mayo was born on 26th December 1880 in Adelaide, South Australia. He was brought up by his respected colonial family. His father was a civil engineer who was married to Henrietta Mary nee Donaldson. They wanted their son, Elton Mayo to do well in his education and to succeed something in life. Mayo was looking forward to follow his grandfatherÃ¢â¬â¢s path in medicine but, he failed his studies at university in Edinburgh, Scotland. In Great Britain, he wrote a book on Australian politics for the Pall Mall Gazette and taught at the Working MenÃ¢â¬â¢s College in London. Mayo returned to South Australia to work in an Adelaide Publishing organisation, where his management practices were not accepted. He went to university and he became the most intelligent student in philosophy. In 1912, he became a foundation lecturer and taught many subjects such as, philosophy, economics and new psychology of Pierre Janet (the French psychologist, who had researched the problems of repetitive and monotonous tasks in industry), at a newly established university in Queensland. In Queensland, Mayo married to Dorothea McConnell, who has been educated in landscape art at the Sorbonne. They had two daughters, Patricia and Ruth Elton Mayo. Patricia followed her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s management thinking. Ruth became a British artist and novelist. Throughout the First World War, he served on government bodies and lectur...
Wednesday, January 15, 2020
This is a personal health plan for a 50 year old woman who is diabetic, has had a heart attack and overweight by 30 pounds. More than seven million American women have diabetes, about the same number as men.Diabetes is a disease that forces your body to starve when it is full of food. Normally, your body takes last nightÃ¢â¬â¢s dinner or this morningÃ¢â¬â¢s breakfast and turns it into a sugar called glucose. Then it dumps the glucose into your blood, where it teams up with insulin secreted by your pancreas. The insulin carries glucose into you muscles and organs, where it provides the energy for everything you do.A drop in available insulin or the bodyÃ¢â¬â¢s resistance to using that insulin can causeÃ Ã metabolic mayhem. With diabetes, glucose builds up in the bloodstream because it is unable to gain admission to muscles and organs. It wears on the heart, kidneys and eyes and then it flows into the bladder and passes out of the body Ã¢â¬â leaving behind damaged organs starved for fuel.Left too long, in this situation, the body powers down: Symptoms you may have attributed to stress or growing older, can, if unheeded escalate into the complications of diabetesÃ¢â¬âheart disease, stroke, blindness or kidney failure.PhysicalPrevention is important here. That is why, they physical part of the 12 month personal plan involves losing weight. Ã¢â¬Å"The higher your weight, the higher your risk of diabetes,Ã¢â¬ say Richard Hamman, M.D. professor of preventive medicine at the University if Colorado School of Medicine in Boulder. You especially need to lose weight if your body is shaped like an appleÃ¢â¬âthick in the middle. More glucose in the blood makes the pancreas dump in more insulin. Eventually the whole system breaks down, says Dr. Kohrt.Women who are sedentary probably have a 25 to 40 percent increased risk of diabetes compared to women who are more active at the same weight,Ã¢â¬ Dr. Hamman says. You must be active physically. What do w e mean by this? It is like taking a walk in the morning, going up three or four flights of steps rather than taking elevators. It is doing these things every day.PsychologicalYou must visit a massage center and have a good massage, so that your body and nerves will become relaxed and full of energy. You must plan to do this the next time you find yourself edgy. You must get a Manual Lymph Drainage Massage.This is a process done to the body in order to improve the flow of the lymph rhythmic strokes. This is used in conditions when the body is already developing edema. The process is used in several massage spas and is a great way to detoxify the body. The massage can be readjusted to a low pressure of the hands for those afflicted with some bone disease.
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
Synthesis: Neo-Freudianism One of the most influential historians when it comes to psychoanalysis is Freud; after all, he developed the theory entirely from his own research. That said, Freud was most certainly not the last to discover new methods of analysis or theory regarding the human psyche. Neo-Freudians are individuals that challenged the theory and sought further understanding and progression in the field of psychology. On various occasions, many theorists seek further opinion from Freud yet found his disinterest in outside perspective as disrespectful and discouraging. Freud made it obvious that he did not wish to partner or embellish his own understanding through collaborative relationships. Challenging and discoveringÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Freud and Jung (despite several disagreements) believed that behavior is governed by instinct and archetypes. Horney disagreed with Freud and Jung in their assumption/belief that conflict is inevitable. Rather, if a child is rais ed in a comforting and socially safe environment (i.e. trust, tolerance, acceptance, love etc.), conflict can be avoided and resolved (Hall Lindzey, 1957). AdlerÃ¢â¬â¢s concept states man is driven by social urges, activities, interest and life styles according to the environment in which a person is born into (Hall Lindzey, 1957). Erich Fromm also supported the theory that man has a distinct need for a connection with society and nature, freedom and bondage both come from societal pressures that man encounters (Hall Lindzey, 1957). Society expects individuals to censor their emotions, to avoid or repress feelings that may be socially unacceptable. Skinner points out that the stress associated with social norms can cause repressed aggression which eventually surfaces in other ways, hence the term Ã¢â¬Å"Freudian SlipÃ¢â¬ (Overskeid, 2007), when repressed emotional secrets come out unintentionally. The biggest supporter of psychology and its connection to society was Harry St ack Sullivan, an innovator in the field of psychology (Hall Lindzey, 1957). Sullivan taught that to look at an individual on a case study alone is only beneficial to understanding an observed personality, the